Wednesday, September 19, 2012

18th and early 19th century buildings in Salem MA

One of the many unmarked historic houses of historic Salem MA
The city of Salem MA is a treasure for those of us interesting in early American history. Here you find a large number of houses dating back as far as foundation of what was to be the United States of America. Here are a few houses in Salem from the era before and after the Revolution in 1776. 
Jonathan Archer House is over 300 years old
Jonathan Archer House (1710)

The gray wooden building in 8 Hawthorne Boulevard is over 300 years old and was built by cordwainer Jonathan Archer in 1710. 
A cordwainer was a shoemaker or cobbler making finer footwear of leather. The name is derived from the word Cordovan - the fine leather once produced in the great city of Cordoba, in Spain. 
The Jonathan Archer House is a large building. This photo only shows a small part of the back side of the house with the elegant door. 
The Crowninshield-Bentley House is now owned by Essex Peabody Museum
This magnificent Georgian-style house was built for a captain John Crowninshield in 1727. It has been moved to its present location in 126 Essex Street.
It has been extended twice in the 18th century and was the home of the Crowninshield family until 1832, and was also the home of the noted scholar William Bentley until his death in 1819. 
Derby House (1762)
The Derby House was a gift to another member of the Crowninshield family.
The beautiful red-brick Derby House is an exquisite example of American Georgian Architecture. It   was built in 1762 as a marriage present by Elias Hasket Derby to his wife Elisabeth Crowninshield in 1762.

They lived in the house through the American Revolution and made a fortune on the trade of goods from East India. He is said to have been the first millionaire of the United States.
In 1796 they sold the house to captain Henry Prince.  
Gardner Pingree House (1804)
The Gardner Pingree House was one of the filming locations for the 1979 Merchant Ivory film adaptation of Henry James' novel The Europeans
This is one of several houses in Salem designed by the famous architect Samuel McIntire. It was built in Federal style for Samuel West Gardner, but was sold on in 1814 to cover losses to Gardner caused events leading up to the War of 1812. 
Hamilton Hall (1805) 
The magnificent Hamilton Hall
The magnificent Hamilton Hall mansion is located in 9 Chestnut Street. It was not built as a private house but as assembling hall for the Salem federalists.

Hamilton Hall was also designed by the famous Samuel McIntire and it was named after Alexander Hamilton one of the founding Fathers, soldier, economist, political philosopher, and one of America's first constitutional lawyers and the first United States Secretary of the Treasury.
Gideon Tucker House (1808)
Gideon Tucker House
The Gideon Tucker House is a third house I saw designed by Samuel McIntire. It was built for Gideon Tucker in 1808 or 1809, a man that worked as a clerk, but ended up as a wealthy businessman. The house is less ornate than the other houses of McIntire, and was significantly altered in 1910. 

To find these houses and other historic landmarks in Salem - see this map of the city 

View New England, New York State and Washington DC on Enjoy Food & Travel 2006 - 2010 in a larger map

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