Tuesday, March 09, 2010

Boston: Clough House anno 1712

Walking through Boston's North End you find yourself in one of the oldest city areas in the United States with a history going back nearly 400 years. North End has a genuine European or British feel to it, with its red brick buildings lining the fine network of small narrow streets criss-crossing the area. Still there are few original buildings left from the pre-revolutionary era. One is Ebenezer Clough's house in 21 Unity street.

The North End of Boston used to be a peninsula and was settled in the 1630s, It was called ‘Island of North Boston’ separated from central Boston by a narrow neck of land. During the 18th century prosperous merchants, tradesmen and shipbuilders set up their businesses in North End. Slowly, as the wealthy relocated to the West End and Beacon Hill it transformed into a working class neighbourhood.

Master mason Ebenezer Clough built six identical houses at the back of Christ Church(Old North Church) in 1712. He settled in number 21 Unity, the only of the the six still standing, the other five have long since been demolished.

Ebenezer Clough ended up as a hero of the American Revolution. He later helped to build Christ Church and took part in the Boston Tea Party.

The Clough House was restored in 1971.

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