Tuesday, January 12, 2010

Bunker Hill Monument, Boston

Walking the Freedom Trail in Boston to its end, you end up by the Bunker Hill Monument. The first monument here was erected by Freemasons commemorating the first battle between the British and American forces during the American Revolution. It was replaced by the current monument in 1843

This year I walked the whole Freedom Trail, ending in the historic area of Charlestown. This is a charming part of Boston, with a large number of old, partly historic houses and packed with sights from the time of the American Revolution and much further back.

When you walk up Bunker Hill, you are actually ascending Breed's Hill, and it was here the fighting between the colonial and British forces culminated June 17th 1775. Through intelligence sources, the Americans learned that the British were to occupy nearby hills overlooking Boston. As a response they used the days before the battle to fortify both Breed's and Bunker Hill and parts of the Charlestown peninsula.

After three assaults, the British managed to recapture the hill, but suffered heavy casualties. The colonial forces retreated to Cambridge. For the British it was still a hard blow, as they lost a large number of officers, whereas the colonial troops could regroup for new assaults.

The first monument at the site was created in memory of their Masonic brothers and fallen Bunker Hill hero Joseph Warren in 1794 by King Solomon's Lodge of Masons. It was replaced by a obelisk finished in 1843 made from granite from Quincy, Massachusetts.

More on my freedom trail

Read story on Along my Freedom Trail: Old North Church and the Paul Revere Statue here on Enjoy Food & Travel

More on the Masonic legacy in Boston

See story on Grand Lodge of Massachusetts in Boston

See story on the Chinese Masonic Lodge, Boston

Here is a shortstory on the Battle of Bunker Hill

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