Sunday, March 29, 2009

The Danish crown jewels

In the vaulted cellars of Rosenborg Palace, you may admire the Danish crown jewels. Here you find small and larger objects in gold and precious materials created by craftsmen during four centuries. Among them are the three royal crowns, the centerpieces of the Danish Crown Jewels and the insignia of power of the Danish Royal house.

Christian IV's crown

Christian IV (1577-1648) was the renaissance ruler of Denmark-Norway for 60 years.

He constructed Roseborg Palace as his summer residence and left his mark all over the two countries. He founded cities that bear his name as Kristiansand and Kristianstad and built and rebuilt many important landmarks in the two countries.

Here you see the beautiful golden crown he once owned as the symbol of his power, studded with large pearls and beautiful square cut gem stones.

Christian V's Crown

It is also known as the Crown of the Absolute Monarchs, used successively by the lineage of Danish kings during one century, from king Christian V (1646-1699) to Christian VIII (1786-1848).

It was crafted by the goldsmith Paul Kurtz in Copenhagen in the years 1670-1671. It is made out of pure gold inlayed with enamel and table-cut stones and weighs a massive 2080 grams.

It is set with 2 impressive garnets and 2 sapphires and the largest is believed to date as back two centuries to his predecessor king Frederik I (1471-1533).

The Queens Crown

The Queen's Crown was made for Queen Sophie Magdalene, daughter of Margrave Christian Heinrich of Brandenburg-Kulmbach. She married the later Christian VI in 1721 and became queen in 1730.

Her crown was made by court jeweller Frederik Fabritius in 1731. Some of the table-cut stones are believed to have come from Queen Sophie Amalie's crown from 1648.

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