Thursday, October 27, 2011

Karlstad - a city by the Inland Sea


















Karlstad is the largest city in Värmland. It is located by Vänern, the third largest lake in Europe. Back in 2008, we visited this beautiful city. I had no prior knowledge on the history or sights of Karlstad, except one. Karlstad has a large masonic temple, famous for its role in Norwegian history. Here, in 1905 the treaty dissolving the union between Norway and Sweden was signed in this building.












The city of Karlstad is founded and named by King Karl (Charles) IX in 1584. Today there are not much left from this oldest period of its history. We did, however, find some buildings that had survived the large fire in 1865 as we wandered around in the city.

Gymnasium Adolpho-Fredericianum (1759)

This large yellow building is located on Lagberget, a small hill, by the Karlstad cathedral. It is one the oldest buildings in Karlstad, built 250 years ago, from a design made by the architect Carl Hårleman.

It survived the fire in 1865.

It has had many purposes during its long history. It has been a college, library, hospital and has also been used to store gunpowder.

The small tower once was an astronomical observatory.

Karlstad Cathedral (1731)

In the church there is a memorial plaque telling a short story of the cathedral:

HÄR PÅ LABERGET BYGGDES DENNA DOMKYRKA 1723-1730 AF CHRISTIAN HELLER OCH JOHANNES HASSELSTRÖM. HÄRJAD AV ELD OG UTSATT FOR ANDRA SKADOR MEN ALLTID ÅTERSTÄLLD I FORNYAD SKÖNHET, GJENOM FÖRSAMLINGENS OFFERVILJA

or

HERE ON LABERGET (name of hill) THIS CATHEDRAL WAS BUILT 1723-1730 BY CHRISTIAN HELLER AND JOHANNES HASSELSTRÖM. RAVAGED BY FIRE AND SUBJECTED TO OTHER DANGERS, BUT ALSO BROUGHT BACK TO RENEWED BEAUTY DUE TO THE SACRIFICE BY THE COMMUNITY.

The church did also survive the large fire in 1865, and its tall tower is visible over much of the city. The interior is classic in gold, clean white walls, under a dark wooden ceiling.






Hypoteksföreningens Hus (1852-1853)

This building was one of the largest buildings as it was built in the mid 19th century based on its architect and builder Jonas Jonsson Linköping.

After the great fire it became an important meeting point for the inhabitants of Karlstad after this devastating event.




Landshövdingegården (early 18th century)


The oldest part of Landshövdingegården or the Lindmark-Nygrenska building is close to 300 years old.

It was the residence of the Landshövding, the leader of Värmlands county 1793-1809. In this period the upper floor was added.



Doktorsgården (Late 18th century)

This beautiful large 200 year old building. Its name comes from the fact that early in the 19th century it housed two of the city physicians.

Doctor, later professor, Peter Sundberg had his offices on the first floor, whereas doctor Erik Högberg had offices on the ground floor rooms.




Flachska Gården (17th century)

The oldest parts of Flachska Gården may be found on the old engraving of Karlstad above, as the ground floor of this building goes back 350 to 400 years.

During the 19th century the upper floor was added. The name of this house comes from the the city mail inspector and major Erik Gabriel Flach. One of the wing building housed one of Karlstads first post offices.


Häradshövdingegården (Late 18th century)

This building, also called Pihlgrenska gården was originally a building with one floor. It is named häradshövdingegården as it once used to be the residence of the local judicial official, häradshövding Anders Jacob Pihlgren






Grevgården (18th century)

This large wooden building was the residence of a local nobleman. The house of the viscount, was the residence of viscount Carl Gustaf Löwenhielm, that also owned Apertin and Lökene, two other properties.

Viscount Löwenhielms building was one of the largest in Karlstad, and the large banquet room on the first floor was, with its six large windows one of the most stately rooms in its time.

Where to find these building?

Here is the map of Karlstad city centre marking the historic buildings in Karlstad city centre.


View Larger Map

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